The nation’s largest digital archive of African American video and oral history, The HistoryMakers warns that the United States sits at a critically important crossroads where a massive digitization project is needed to preserve, protect and make accessible the personal collections of its HistoryMakers who represent a wide variety of historical figures, organizations, and movements for the 20th century, or risk it being lost forever. The theme of the 20@2020 Convening is Preserving 20th Century African American Collections with 21st Century Solutions. Now as many of the African American leaders of the 20th century pass away without properly securing their legacy, we risk losing their irreplaceable records. Only through major financial investment and substantive institutional partnerships can the rapidly-disappearing historical records be properly preserved. In The Crisis of Black Archives, The HistoryMakers presents evidence on the overwhelming lack of a historical record for many African Americans with noted accomplishments. Led by Founder &amp; President of The HistoryMakers Julieanna L. Richardson, former directors of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Howard Dodson (1984–2011) and Khalil G. Muhammad (2011–2016) will discuss the challenges faced by repositories of primarily African American materials and identify the steps necessary for a path forward.